Although this county’s name literally means “cold mountain,” it actually wasn’t named for the climate or terrain at all, but in honor of a man by the name of Mendoza who ruled New Spain in the 1500’s. Despite the origin story for the county’s name, this county saw little further influence from Spain, or later Mexico, due to its remote distance from the settled areas further south. By the time the Europeans reached these shores it was well into the later 1800’s, and they arrived over land from New England to build groovy little hippy towns and invest in barbed wire fencing.